2023 HAZMATEAM LITHIUM BATTERY SHIPPING GUIDE

Need help getting a lithium battery shipment out the door?    The 2023 HAZMATEAM Lithium Battery Shipping Guide summarizes lithium battery classification, package marks/labels, documentation and packaging requirements.  CLICK HERE TO DOWNLOAD the free HAZMATEAM Lithium Battery Shipping Guide (pdf).  See the LITHIUM BATTERY TRANSPORTATION NEWS section below for significant 2023 updates to the HAZMATEAM Lithium Battery Shipping Guide.  NOTE:  Some browsers may not support downloads; if this happens try switching to another browser.   For best results use Adobe Acrobat Reader.

Watch the video to see how to use the Guide:


 

            

           

LITHIUM BATTERY TRAINING COURSES

Training is required if you prepare a shipment of lithium batteries for transportation. HAZMATEAM offers several online and classroom lithium battery courses. The course you need is dependent upon which lithium battery you ship, the size of the battery and mode of transport. The grid below summarizes the online and classroom Lithium Battery courses offered at Hazmateam.

 
Course Battery Type Sizes Modes Approx. Duration
Lithium Batteries Rechargeable &
Non-Rechargeable
 All Sizes Ground (49 CFR), Air (IATA) & Vessel (IMDG)   10 - 11 hours
Lithium Batteries Ground & Air Rechargeable & Non-Rechargeable  All Sizes Ground (49 CFR) & Air (IATA)   8.5 - 10 hours
Small Lithium Batteries Rechargeable & Non-Rechargeable Small & Medium Ground (49 CFR) & Air (IATA) 7 - 8 hours
Lithium Ion Batteries by Ground Rechargeable Fully Regulated Ground (49 CFR) 6 - 7 hours
Classroom 8-Hour Transportation of Lithium Batteries Rechargeable & Non-Rechargeable All Sizes Ground (49 CFR) & Air (IATA) 8 - hours

* We offer an 8-hour classroom version of TRANSPORATION OF LITHIUM METAL AND LITHIUM ION BATTERIES that addresses ground (49 CFR) and air (IATA) transportation at the HAZMATEAM Training Center in Hudson, NH.

LITHIUM BATTERY TRANSPORTATION NEWS

NOVEMBER 29, 2022 UPDATE

The 64th Edition (2023) of the IATA DGR includes the following updates related to air shipments of Lithium Batteries:

Lithium Battery Mark

The requirement to include a telephone number on the Lithium Battery Mark (IATA 7.1.5.5, Figure 7.1.C) has been eliminated.    The Lithium Battery Mark may include the telephone number until 31-December-2026.    The lithium battery mark is affixed to packages containing small lithium metal/ion batteries.

Activated Tracking Device (such as Data Loggers) for Air Shipments

IATA Special Provision A220 provides an exception to small lithium metal batteries contained in equipment and small lithium ion batteries contained in equipment when the equipment is an activated tracking device.   This exception is for activated equipment, such as data loggers, not for equipment shipped as cargo.   The exception is applicable to tracking devices used for COVID-19 pharmaceuticals shipments and/or shipments where prior arrangements have been made with the operator (airline).    When shipped per A220, the shipper is excepted from marking and documentation requirements.  See below for DOT (49 CFR) exceptions for activated tracking devices shipped ground and vessel below.    See the HAZMATEAM Lithium Battery Shipping Guide for more details. 

Stack Test for Package of Small Lithium Ion Batteries (UN 3480) and Small Lithium Metal Batteries (UN 3090)

Packages prepared according to IATA PI 965 Section IB (small lithium ion batteries without equipment, UN 3480) and IATA PI 968 Section IB (small lithum metal batteries without equipment, UN 3090) are now required to be capable of passing a stack test.    This test is in addition to the drop test. 

DOT 49 CFR UPDATE

US DOT PHMSA issued an update related to activated tracking devices in the 26-July-2022 Federal Register.    Any size of a lithium metal battery contained in equipment or any size of a lithium ion battery contained in equiment used as an activated tracking device has several exceptions when shipped ground and vessel transport.    The exceptions are only applicable if the equipment is an activated tracking device (such as a data logger), not when shipping the equipment as cargo.    When shipped per 49 CFR 173.14 (a), ground and vessel shipments of activated tracking devices do not need shipping papers, marks and labels.   For ground and vessel shipments, the exception is not limited to COVID-19 pharmaceuticals and approvals are not required.   See 49 CFR 173.14 and the HAZMATEAM Lithium Battery Shipping Guide for more details. 

NOVEMBER 22, 2021 UPDATE

IATA announced two significant changes to lithium battery transportation requirements, one rule that takes effect on January 1, 2022 and another that goes into effect on January 1, 2023

Changes to IATA DGR 63rd Edition (2022)

PI 965 and PI 968—Have been revised to remove Section II from these two packing instructions. To provide shippers with time to adapt their logistics processes to ship lithium cells and batteries in accordance with Section IB of Packing Instruction 965 and Packing Instruction 968, as applicable, there is a 3-month transition period until 31 March 2022, during which time shippers may continue to use Section II.

This change is only applicable to small lithium batteries shipped without equipment: UN 3480 and UN 3090

Check out the  2022 Hazmateam Lithium Battery Shipping Guide.    The 2022 Lithium Battery Shipping Guide summarizes this update. 

Changes to IATA DGR 64th Edition  (2023)

Change to the lithium battery handling mark to remove the requirement for a telephone number to be provided on the mark. There is a transition period until 31 December 2026 during which time the existing mark may continue to be used.    This update takes effect on 1-January-2023.

JANUARY 14, 2021 UPDATE

There have been several updates to lithium battery regulations, however, only minor package marks/labels and documentation updates are noted.  The most notable update is a reduced sized Lithium Battery mark (see IATA below).

2021 IATA DGR (62nd Edition) Update:

Special Provisions:

A88 updated to include requirements for state (country) of the operator (airline) to grant approval, in addition to the state of origin to ship prototype cells and batteries aboard Cargo Aircraft Only.

LITHIUM BATTERY TRANSPORTATION NEWS

AUGUST 31, 2O21 UPDATE

IATA announced two significant changes to lithium battery transportation requirements, one rule that takes effect on January 1, 2022 and another that goes into effect on January 1, 2023

Changes to IATA DGR Edition 63 (2022)

PI 965 and PI 968—Have been revised to remove Section II from these two packing instructions. To provide shippers with time to adapt their logistics processes to ship lithium cells and batteries in accordance with Section IB of Packing Instruction 965 and Packing Instruction 968, as applicable, there is a 3-month transition period until 31 March 2022, during which time shippers may continue to use Section II.

This change is only applicable to small lithium batteries shipped without equipment: UN 3480 and UN 3090

The 2022 Hazmateam Lithium Battery Shipping Guide will incorporate this significant change. 

Changes to IATA DGR 64th Edition  (2023)

Change to the lithium battery handling mark to remove the requirement for a telephone number to be provided on the mark. There is a transition period until 31 December 2026 during which time the existing mark may continue to be used.

A99 updated to include requirements for state (country) of the operator (airline) to grant approval, in addition to the state of origin to ship packages containing in excess of 35 KG lithium batteries aboard Cargo Aircraft Only.

A154 was updated to address assessing if a lithium battery is damaged/defective.

PI 965-970 updated to address:

  • Prohibition of damage/defective lithium batteries.
  • Updated Air Waybill language, if shipping per Section II of multiple packing instructions.

PI 967 &970 updated to address:

  • Equipment must be secured against movement within the outer package.
  • Multiple pieces of equipment within must be packaged to prevent damage or contact with other equipment in the package.

Lithium Battery Mark (Figure 7.1.C)

The size of the lithium battery mark which is affixed to packages prepared according to Section II of PI 965-970 and Section IB of PI 965 & 968 was updated.   The new minimum dimensions are 100 mm x 100 mm (61st Edition minimum dimensions were 120 mm x 110 mm).    So, the mark described in the 61st Edition may continue to be used.

Section 7.5.5.3 of the 62nd Edition was updated to allow a lithium battery marking no less than 100 mm x 70 mm for smaller sized packages.   However, where any face of a package is large enough to bear the full-size lithium battery mark, the full-size mark (100 mm x 100 mm) must be used.

This reduced size lithium battery mark has not been officially adopted in 49 CFR for use in the United States.    However, PHMSA has issued an enforcement waiver allowing the reduced sized markings to be used in the U.S. by any mode of transport until officially adopted in a Final Rule.   This waiver can be found at the following PHMSA link:

https://www.phmsa.dot.gov/sites/phmsa.dot.gov/files/2020-10/Notice%20of%20Enforcement%20Policy%20Regarding%20International%20Standards%20Oct%201%202020.pdf

Many vendors sell the smaller markings.   These markings are authorized beginning January 1, 2021.  Be sure to review 7.5.5.3 for complete details.          

MAY 11, 2020 49 CFR Update

49 CFR 173.185 (a) was updated to require battery manufacturers to have lithium battery test reports available.

49 CFR 173.185 (b)(2)(ii) was updated to specify that lithium cells and batteries including lithium cells or batteries packed with, or contained in, equipment, must be packaged in a manner that prevents damage caused by movement or placement within the package.

49 CFR 173.185 (b)(3)(i) was updated to specify that inner packagings must be separated from electrically conductive materials.

49 CFR 173.185 (c)(2) was updated to except equipment containing small or medium batteries that is robust enough to protect lithium batteries from damage or short circuits from the requirement to be packaged.

49 CFR 173.185 (c)(3)(iii) was added to require that when packages of lithium cells or batteries required to bear the lithium battery mark are placed in an overpack, the lithium battery mark must either: (1) Be clearly visible through the overpack; or (2) the lithium battery mark must also be affixed on the outside of the overpack, and the overpack must be marked with the word ‘‘OVERPACK’’ in lettering at least 12 mm (0.47 inches) high.

49 CFR 173.185 (c)(4)(vi) was updated to state that up to ‘‘two spare sets’’ of cells or batteries can be placed in a package with equipment. For the purposes of this paragraph, a spare set is equal to the number of individual spare cells or batteries required to power each piece of equipment.   This paragraph is applicable to air transport of small lithium batteries packed with or contained in equipment.

49 CFR 173.185 (e)(1)&(2) were updated to specify that cushioning material must be electrically nonconductive instead of the former ‘‘nonconductive’’ requirement.   49 CFR 173.185 (e)(4) was added to authorize the use of certain rigid large packagings to transport a single large battery or a single large item of equipment.   49 CFR 173.185 (e) addresses shipments of prototype lithium batteries (not UN 38.3 tested).

49 CFR 173.185 (f) addresses damaged/defective lithium batteries.   49 CFR 173.185(f)(2) was amended to specify that cushioning material must be electrically non-conductive, which harmonizes the HMR with the international standards. PHMSA also amended § 173.185(f)(3) to clarify the provisions for the use of large packagings.

 2021 HAZMATEAM LITHIUM BATTERY SHIPPING GUIDE

The December 28, 2020 version of the 2021 HAZMATEAM LITHIUM BATTERY SHIPPING GUIDE provides a summary of these updated regulations, including illustrations of package marks/labels, Dangerous Goods Declaration form examples, package testing requirements and emergency response information.

The 2021 Lithium Battery Guide incorporates a summary of requirements described in the 62nd  Edition (2021) of the IATA DGR, the latest DOT requirement specific to lithium batteries (49 CFR 171-180 in effect 1-Jan-2021) and Amendment 39-18 of the IMDG Code.    Always consult the regulations for the complete rules.  However, the Guide is a great starting point…

 The 2021 HAZMATEAM Lithium Battery Shipping Guide has several new additions and updates:

    1. UN 3171, Battery-Powered Vehicles.   This is not a new proper shipping name.   However, with lithium battery powered vehicles (e-bikes, tractors, robots moving goods, etc.) becoming more common, we added a new section to the Guide addressing shipping UN 3171.   The new Guide section includes package marking/labeling requirements and documentation requirements when shipping UN 3171 via ground, air or vessel transport.   The 2021 Guide also clarifies the definition of “vehicle”.   The shipping requirements are significantly less stringent for shipping UN 3171 compared to shipping UN 3481 or UN 3091.  

    1. 2020 ERG.  US DOT released the 2020 Emergency Response Guidebook back in May.    The 2021 HAZMATEAM Lithium Battery Shipping Guide has been updated to include the updated lithium battery ERG Guide Pages (Guides 138 and 147).

HAZMATEAM Lithium Battery Shipping Guide Revision History

January 14, 2021 --- Emergency Response Guides information was updated to reflect the 2020 Emergency Response Guidebook.   A new “UN 3171, Battery-Powered Vehicle” section was added to the Guide.

January 3, 2020 --- Updated to reflect lithium battery test reports, use of the term ‘aggregate lithium content’ and segregation requirements if shipping per IATA PI 965 or 968.

March 18, 2019 … Updated to reflect HM-224I.  

October 21, 2018 ... Updated to reflect 2019 (60th Edition) IATA DGR and 2018, Amendment 39-18 of IMDG Code.  Shipping paper examples updated to reflect new IATA declaration format and hybrid battery description.

November 28, 2017 … Updated to reflect 2018 IATA DGR.   Sections added to the Guide: Package performance testing requirements and Emergency Response requirements.   We also doubled the number of shipping paper (BOL and declarations) examples and re-formatted the battery size definition sections for clarity.

March 31, 2017 … Incorporation of HM-215N following the re-release of the final rule on March 30, 2017.

March 15, 2017 … Incorporation of 27-Feb-2017 DOT Notice. Also, updated to clarify use of address labels on packages.

February 1, 2017… Removal of HM-215N requirements as a result of Regulatory Freeze executive memorandum

January 22, 2017…  Incorporated HM-215N DOT final rule

January 1, 2017 …Incorporated 2017 DOT, IMDG and IATA Updates

May 17, 2016 ... Incorporated 2016 ERG Guide pages; clarified scope of Guide; added disclaimer